Prof Abhijit Mukherjee, Geology & Geophysics, IIT Kharagpur 

Hydrogeology at IIT Kharagpur

Groundwater recharge: controls of climate, vegetation and land-use

Primary method of positive groundwater storage takes place by recharge. Hence, estimation of recharge is necessary for water budget and water management studies. With projected increase in frequency and intensity of droughts associated with climate change, there will be increased reliance on water resources through irrigation to support crop production. Thus recharge may be directly linked with the change in climatic parameters. We are estimating groundwater recharge by physical, chemical and numerical techniques and studying the potential impacts of land use/land cover (LU/LC) change and response of climate change (atmospheric parameters e.g. aerosols) on recharge in arid and semi-arid areas of India and other parts  other parts of the world. 

Current Ph.D. Student:

Soumendra Nath Bhanja, CSIR Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Fellow

Project examples

a) Controls of climatic parameters on recharge in western part of West Bengal, India : ONGOING

b) Influence of land use and land cover on recharge of Thar Desert, Rajasthan


Study of groundwater recharge in Thar desert

Study of groundwater recharge in Eastern Rajasthan


Modeled data of groundwater storage change (in cm) across the globe for 2012




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