Prof Abhijit Mukherjee, Geology & Geophysics, IIT Kharagpur 

Hydrogeology at IIT Kharagpur

Groundwater evolution (flow and chemistry) of large sedimentary basins

Almost 80% of the major aquifers of the world are parts of sedimentary basins. Basin-scale to regional-scale groundwater flow in these aquifers determines the nature of groundwater resource available in these areas. The groundwater flows along gradients of gravity or other geodynamic forces (e.g. tectonism, isostatic rebound etc.) and hydrogeochemically evolve along the flowpath. In our group, we evaluate the nature of these flows through delineated aquifer systems along with associated chemical changes. We apply a range of qualitative and quantitative techniques including field investigation, numerical simulations of flow, analytical calculations, thermodynamic modeling and multivariate statistics.

Current Ph.D. Student:

Mahender Singh Rajpurohit, Institute Research Scholar,  IIT Kharagpur

Project examples

a) Western Bengal Basin, India

b) Meghna sub-Basin, Bangladesh

c) Central Gangetic Basin, India

d) Huhhot Basin, Inner Mongolia, P.R. China

e) Gulf Coastal Plain, USA

f) Andean Foreland Basin, Argentina

g) Western Canada Sedimentary Basin, Canada

h) Saraswati Palaeo Basin, India  ONGOING

Model of deep groundwater flow of Western Bengal basin

Groundwater model of sub-hydrostatic aquifers of Western Canada Sedimentary Basin

FCC Imagery showing hydrogemorphology of Central Gangeticplain

Chemical evolution of HuhhotBasin, Inner Mongolia

Hydrogeochemicalsampling of paleo-aquifers of ancient SaraswatiRiver basin




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